The rapid test to detect Dirofilaria immitis antigens, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, antibodies, Ehrlichia canis antibodies and Leishmania antibodies in dogs.
Anaplasma and ehrlichia are vector-borne (ticks), intracellular bacteria. Dirofilaria immitis and the dog's leishmaniasis are transmitted by blood-sucking mosquitoes.
D. immitis (CHW): Infection with D. immitis can lead to a serious and even fatal disease in dogs. Adult heartworms can survive in dogs for 5-7 years. The antigen test is used to detect circulating D. immitis antigens in the blood; adult female heartworms are detected.
Anaplasmosis: In Europe, Anaplasma phagocytophilum is found in domestic dogs. The antibodies are detected using A. phagocytophilum antigens.
Ehrlichiosis: Dogs infected with Ehrlichia develop canine monocytic ehrlichiosis. The occurrence of infection is related to the spread of the vector R. sanguineus. The antibodies are detected using E. canis antigens.
Leismaniasis: In Europe, dog leishmaniasis is caused by the protozoon Leishmania infantum. The antibodies are detected by a specific antigen and can be used in diseased dogs about six to eight weeks after initial infection.
Remarks for the test result interpretation:
Negative test results in antibody tests: they do not rule out an infection, as seronegative results can occur at any stage of infection.
Positive test result for antibody tests: In the endemic area, positive antibody results can be due to a previous infection.